JAKARTA

Posted in Uncategorized on December 18, 2011 by marchianodany

Indonesia is an archipelago consisting of 33 provinces with a population reaching 230 million. with a population that much, Indonesia has the official language, Indonesian language From Sabang to Merauke, Indonesia consists of various ethnic, linguistic and religious groups. The Javanese are the largest ethnic group and most politically dominant. Indonesia’s national motto, “Unity in Diversity” (“Diversity remains one”), articulates the diversity that shapes the country
Merdeka Indonesia since 1945, with the proclaimer Soekarno – Hatta. Indonesian government to run a democratic multiparty presidential republic. As well as in other democratic countries, the political system in Indonesia is based on the Trias Politica namely the legislative, executive and judicial branches. Legislative power is held by an institution called the People’s Consultative Assembly (MPR).
Indonesia has the largest economy in Southeast Asia. Indonesia is estimated to gross domestic product (nominal), in 2010 was U.S. $ 706.73 billion with an estimated nominal GDP per capita is U.S. $ 3,015, and GDP per capita PPP U.S. $ 4,394. Indonesia’s economy divide by 3 sectors. First is the industry 46.4%, 37.1 second service and the latter is 16.5% agriculture

Indonesia region range from 1,919,440 square kilometers (741,050 sq mi), Indonesia is located between latitudes 11 ° S and 6 ° N, 95 ° and longitude 141 ° E and E. Lying along the equator, Indonesia has a tropical climate, with two distinct seasonal wet and dryseasons. It consists of 17,508 islands, about 6,000 of them inhabited. There are five of the largest island in Indonesia, it is a powerful Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi, Kalimantan and Papua. Indonesia has 33 provinces with the capital Jakarta is located in Java and is followed by Bandung, Bogor, Semarang and Surabaya

Jakarta
Jakarta has been renamed as 5 times. The first is Sunda Kelapa, the second is Jayakarta, Batavia the third, the fourth is Melbourne, and the welding is Jakarta. During the World War II, the city was renamed from Batavia to “Jakarta” (short form of Jayakarta) by the Indonesian nationalists after conquering the city from the Dutch in 1942 with the help of the Japanese forces. After Sukarno Proclaim independence of Indonesia, Jakarta as the capital city of Indonesia, was moved to Yogyakarta for security considerations. but in 1950, the capital of Indonesia moved to Jakarta.
Jakarta is located in northwest of Java island. Spanning in an area around 662km2, is borders with jakarta jakarta, jakarta, and Bogor. Jakarta is the capital city of the republic of Indonesia, and also as the central government activty. The city center is located in Medan independent street, it is known as Monas (National Monument)

jakarta is very strategic place for business Because there are transportation facilities may like Tanjung Priok port in north Jakarta. Soekarno Hatta International Airport in west of Jakarta, gambier train station in central of Jakarta, and valley fur bus station in south Jakarta. Jakarta is good for tourism, for living, and for industry.

In living section, Jakarta has many residences and real estate golf hill like the Mediterranean
residence. Mediterranean golf hill residence is located in the north coast of beautiful cotton center of the city. Located about 27kilometer and around 40minutes by car. In this residence, there are many facilities, like shopping malls, markets, gas stations, recreation facilities and education facilities. This residence is a strategic Because there is a toll road to go the which can reach many areas in Jakarta like airports and ports
In industry, there are jakarta Pulogadung industrial estate. It is located in the east of the center city, located about 21kilometer and around 37minutes by car. This is very strategic place for industry, Because there are large areas for storing cargo before it’s sent to each destination. And also, Pulogadung industrial estate strategic Because there are a toll road to go the which many areas like the Port of Tanjung Priok and Soekarno Hatta international airport.

Jakarta has many good and famous education system, from Elemantary school until university. Like Indonesia university located in two areas, in Salemba central of Jakarta and Depok. Indonesia Salemba University located in the central of the city center, located about 10 kilometers and around 20minutes by car. Because it is a strategic university there are public facilities like hospitals, and train station.

Jakarta has many and famous tourism place, like Ragunan zoo, National Monument, Mekarsari Park, Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (Indonesia miniature park). And Ancol Waterpark.
Ancol is located in the north of the center city of Jakarta. It is around 25 kilometers and 45minutes by car. Ancol was built on 1966 and was opened on 1970, the Ancol area spanning around 552 hectares. Ancol was built with sea-side concept Because there is located on Jakarta bay. There are many facilities in Ancol, like Fantasy World, Beach Pool, Sea World and many more.

One of famous recreational area in Ancol is fantasy world. Fantasy World was opened on August 1986. Fantasy World is the first theme park developed By ancol.Dufan the largest outdoor entertainment center inIndonesia That pamper visitors with FantasyAround the World, through a variety of ridesgames of high-tech content. In Dufan there many recreational place like puppet palace, hysteria and Ferris wheel.

Puppet palace is located on next to a tornado. The palace was designed nuanced combination of 10 architectural styles Indonesia, the which distilirup into a new building, colorful, thus giving the impression of vibrant and unique. In it, whileboating We Will explore and feel the variousethnic cultures throughout the archipelago as well as Various nations, accompanied by local folk songs memorable. Will you be seduced to 600 enjoythe action animatronic puppet.

Hysteria is located beside of kestrel. Was opened on july 2010, this place is very famous in Fantasy World Ancol, Because visitors can try against gravity in this place. Hysteria has two towers with a height of60 meters each with a capacity of 24 seats.Vehicle seat is raised to a Certain height and then SLOWLY for A Few seconds. A few secondslater, the seats were the resource persons fired at a height of 50meters with a speed of 4 times the speed ofgravity. Then seat the speed is lowered by minusone times the speed of gravity

Ferris is located the between tornadoes and kora kora. This vehicle is subordinate to the turbines as high as 33 meters. This vehicle is one of thetallest buildings in the Fantasy. When We Were at the top of the mill, We Will be Able to see thehorizon of the ocean and whole buildingsFantasy World. Ferris is built with the architecture and ornamentation typical shades of Thailand.

EGYPT (MESIR)

Posted in Uncategorized on November 29, 2011 by marchianodany

Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa and the Middle East. The great majority of its over 81 million peoplelive near the banks of the Nile River, in an area of about 40,000 square kilometers (15,000 sq mi), where the only arable land is found. The large areas of the Sahara Desert are sparsely inhabited. About half of Egypt’s residents live in urban areas, with most spread across the densely populated centres of greater Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities in the Nile Delta.

Monuments in Egypt such as the Giza pyramid complex and its Great Sphinx were constructed by its ancient civilization. Its ancient ruins, such as those of Memphis, Thebes, and Karnak and the Valley of the Kings outside Luxor, are a significant focus of archaeological study. The tourism industry and the Red Sea Riviera employ about 12% of Egypt’s workforce.

The economy of Egypt is one of the most diversified in the Middle East, with sectors such as ourism, agriculture, industry and service at almost equal production levels.

In early 2011, Egypt underwent a revolution, which resulted in the ousting of President Hosni Mubarak after nearly 30 years in power

Republic

On 18 June 1953, the Egyptian Republic was declared, with General Muhammad Naguib as the first President of the Republic. Naguib was forced to resign in 1954 by Gamal Abdel Nasser – the real architect of the 1952 movement – and was later put under house arrest. Nasser assumed power as President in June, 1956. British forces completed their withdrawal from the occupied Suez Canal Zone on 13 June 1956. He nationalized the Suez Canal on 26 July 1956, prompting the 1956 Suez Crisis.

In the 1967 Six Day War, Israel invaded and occupied Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula and the Gaza Strip, which Egypt had occupied since the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. Three years later President Nasser died and was succeeded by Anwar Sadat in 1970. Sadat switched Egypt’s Cold War allegiance from the Soviet Union to the United States, expelling Soviet advisors in 1972. He launched the Infitah economic reform policy, while clamping down on religious and secular opposition.

In 1973, Egypt, along with Syria, launched the October War, a surprise attack against the Israel forces occupying the Sinai Peninsula and the Golan Heights. It was an attempt to regain part of the Sinai territory Israel had captured 6 years earlier. Sadat hoped to seize some territory through military force, and then regain the rest of the peninsula by diplomacy. The conflict sparked an international crisis between the US and the USSR, both of whom intervened. The second UN-mandated ceasefire halted military action. While the war ended with a military stalemate, it presented Sadat with a political victory that later allowed him to regain the Sinai in return for peace with Israel.

Sadat made a historic visit to Israel in 1977, which led to the 1979 peace treaty in exchange for Israeli withdrawal from Sinai. Sadat’s initiative sparked enormous controversy in the Arab world and led to Egypt’s expulsion from the Arab League, but it was supported by most Egyptians.  A fundamentalist military soldier assassinated Sadat in Cairo in 1981. He was succeeded by Hosni Mubarak.

In 2003, the Egyptian Movement for Change, popularly known as Kefaya, was launched to oppose the Mubarak regime and to establish democratic reforms and greater civil liberties.

2011 revolution

On 25 January 2011, widespread protests began against Mubarak’s regime. The objective of the protest was the removal of Mubarak from power. These took the form of an intensive campaign of civil resistance supported by a very large number of people and mainly consisting of continuous mass demonstrations. By 29 January it was becoming clear that Mubarak’s regime had lost control when a curfew order was ignored, and the army took a semi-neutral stance on enforcing the curfew decree. Some protesters, a very small minority in Cairo, expressed nationalistic views against what they deemed was foreign interference, highlighted by the then-held view that the U.S. administration had failed to take sides, as well as linking the regime with Israel.

On 11 February 2011, Mubarak resigned and fled Cairo. Vice President Omar Suleiman announced that Mubarak had stepped down and that the Egyptian military would assume control of the nation’s affairs in the short term. (See also 2011 revolution.) Jubilant celebrations broke out in Tahrir Square at the news. Mubarak may have left Cairo for Sharm el-Sheikh the previous night, before or shortly after the airing of a taped speech in which Mubarak vowed he would not step down or leave.

On 13 February 2011, the high level military command of Egypt announced that both the constitution and the parliament of Egypt had been dissolved. The parliamentary election was to be held in September.

 

Geography

At 1,001,450 square kilometers (386,660 sq mi), Egypt is the world’s 30th-largest country. In land area, it is about the same size as all Central America, twice the size of Spain, four times the size of the United Kingdom, and the combined size of the US states of Texas and California. It lies between latitudes 22° and 32°N, and longitudes 24° and 36°E.

Nevertheless, due to the aridity of Egypt’s climate, population centres are concentrated along the narrow Nile Valley and Delta, meaning that about 99% of the population uses only about 5.5% of the total land area. Egypt is bordered by Libya to the west, Sudan to the south, and by the Gaza Strip and Israel to the east. Egypt’s important role in geopolitics stems from its strategic position: a transcontinental nation, it possesses a land bridge (the Isthmus of Suez) between Africa and Asia, traversed by a navigable waterway (the Suez Canal) that connects the Mediterranean Sea with the Indian Ocean by way of the Red Sea.

Temperatures average between 80 °F (27 °C) and 90 °F (32 °C) in summer, and up to 109 °F (43 °C) on the Red Sea coast. Winter temperatures average between 55 °F (13 °C) and 70 °F (21 °C). A steady wind from the northwest helps lower temperatures near the Mediterranean coast. The Khamaseen is a wind that blows from the south in spring, bringing sand and dust, and sometimes raises the temperature in the desert to more than 100 °F (38 °C).

 

Administrative divisions

Egypt is divided into 27 governorates. The governorates are further divided into regions. The regions contain towns and villages. Each governorate has a capital, sometimes carrying the same name as the governorate.

In April 2008, Cairo and Giza were subdivided into 4 governorates, namely the governorates of Cairo, Giza, 6 October and Helwan. As of April 2011, 6 October and Helwan governorates were again incorporated into Giza and Cairo respectively.[70] In 2009, the city of Luxor was declared an independent governorate.

The Upper governorates are located south of Cairo, while the Lower governorates are located in the Delta of the Nile, north of Cairo.

 

Languages

The official language of the Republic is Modern Standard Arabic. The spoken languages are: Egyptian Arabic (68%), Sa’idi Arabic (29%), Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic (1.6%), Sudanese Arabic (0.6%), Domari (0.3%), Nobiin (0.3%), Beja (0.1%), Siwi and others. Additionally, Greek, Armenian and Italian are the main languages of immigrants. In Alexandria in the 19th century there was a large community of Italian Egyptians and Italian was the “lingua franca” of the city.

The main taught foreign languages in schools are English, French, German and sometimes Italian.

Culture

Egyptian culture has six thousand years of recorded history. Ancient Egypt was among the earliest civilizations and for millennia, Egypt maintained a strikingly complex and stable culture that influenced later cultures of Europe, the Middle East and other African countries. After the Pharaonic era, Egypt itself came under the influence of Hellenism, Christianity, and Islamic culture. Today, many aspects of Egypt’s ancient culture exist in interaction with newer elements, including the influence of modern Western culture, itself with roots in ancient Egypt.

Egypt’s capital city, Cairo, is Africa’s largest city and has been renowned for centuries as a center of learning, culture and commerce. Egypt has the highest number of Nobel Laureates in Africa and the Arab World. Some Egyptian born politicians were or are at the helm of major international organizations like Boutros Boutros-Ghali of the United Nations and Mohamed ElBaradei of the IAEA.

Egypt is a recognized cultural trend-setter of the Arabic-speaking world, and contemporary Arab culture is heavily influenced by Egyptian literature, music, film and television. Egypt gained a regional leadership role during the 1950s and 1960s, which gave a further enduring boost to the standing of Egyptian culture in the Arab world.

EGYPT

Posted in Uncategorized on November 29, 2011 by marchianodany

EGYPT

Posted in Uncategorized on November 29, 2011 by marchianodany

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INILAH AGAMA YANG DIANUT STEVE JOBS

Posted in Uncategorized on November 3, 2011 by marchianodany

setelah kematian pendiri apple, Steve Jobs. kini terdapat misteri yang menghantui kematianya.kematianya menimbulkan sejumlah pertanyaan. salah satunya adalah agama yang dianut Jobs. Pasalnya, sang inovator teknologi ini jarang mengumbar cerita soal kehidupan pribadinya.

Sebelum pindah ke Sillicon valley, Jobs mendalami ajaran Zen, sebuah aliran dalam agama Buddha Mahayana. Aliran Zen yang didalaminya fokus pada usaha mencapai pencerahan atau kesempurnaan. Namun, sejumlah kalangan menganggap apa yang didalami Steve, bertolak belakang dengan perilakunya.

“Dia adalah seorang yang tercerahkan namun kejam. Itu kombinasi yang aneh,” ungkap mantan pacar Jobs, seperti dikutip thehuffingtonpost.com, Kamis (3/11).

Ironi lain, dalam biografinya yang dituliskan Walter Isaacson, pada usia 13 tahun, Jobs bertanya kepada pendeta gereja Lutheran soal anak-anak kelaparan. “Ya, Tuhan tahu segalanya,” jawab pendeta. Mendengar jawaban itu, Jobs kecewa. Semenjak itu, ia menolak untuk menyembah ‘Tuhan’ yang mengizinkan penderitaan macam itu.

Kecewa dengan sikap Gereja, Jobs segera beralih pada kepercayaan Timur terutama India dan Cina. Ia kemudian mempelajari Buddha aliran Zen. Pada tahun 1974, Jobs melakukan perjalanan ke India, mencari guru spiritual. Setelah kembali, ia bertemu seorang penganut Zen, kobun Chino Otagawa, yang membuka pusat meditasi Zen Haiku.

Jobs segera hanyut dalam ajaran itu. “Saya menghabiskan waktu bersamanya sebanyak yang saya bisa,” kata Isaacson menirukan suara Jobs. “Zen punya pengaruh yang mendalam dalam hidupnya sejak itu,” lanjutnya.

Jobs bahkan diketahui bepergian ke Eihei-ji, kuil utama Zen di Jepang. Tapi kobun, karena ia dikenal, menasihati Jobs untuk tinggal di California.

Les Kaye, seorang guru Zen di Silicon Valley, mengingat kobun sebagai sosok misterius dan bijaksana. “Dia adalah lambang makhluk tercerahkan: manis, baik dan murah hati. Orang-orang berbondong-bondong kepadanya,” kata Kaye.

VIRUS DUQU DAN STUXNET

Posted in Uncategorized on November 3, 2011 by marchianodany

Apa itu vlrus duqu? sebelum ssaya menjelaskanya, saya akan menjelaskan bagaimana virus ini ditemukan

Duqu menguak ke permukaan pada bulan Oktober dan ditemukan oleh vendor software keamanan Symantec Corp. Kini para ahli keamanan tengah berlomba membongkar ‘rahasia’ Duqu.

Para peneliti dari Symantec sendiri mempercayai bahwa hacker mengirimkan virus pada korbannya melalui email yang melampirkan dokumen Microsoft Word. Apabila user membuka dokumen ini maka virus yang ada di dalamnya akan menginfeksi PC.

Sang penyerang pun dapat dengan mudah mengambil alih kontrol piranti korban dan mencuri data-data di dalamnya.

banyak kesamaaan kode yang terdapat di dalam virus duqu, dengan virus stuxnet yang merupakan virus yang merusak program nuklir Iran, sebuah perkiraan muncul bahwa penyerang di balik Stuxnet memberikan kode ke pengembang Duqu, atau mereka adalah orang yang sama.

multivitamin meningkatkan resiko kematian

Posted in Uncategorized on November 1, 2011 by marchianodany

Suplemen atau multivitamin kerap digunakan untuk menunjang kebutuhan nutrisi harian. Namun, sebuah artikel dalam jurnal Archives of Internal Medicine terbaru melaporkan, konsumsi suplemen multivitamin dan mineral berhubungan dengan peningkatan angka kematian. Studi mengumpulkan data dari studi kesehatan pada 38.772 wanita dengan usia rata-rata 61,6 tahun di Amerika Serikat. Peneliti memeriksa penggunaan suplemen pada tahun 1986, 1997 dan 2004. Mereka juga menemukan jumlah wanita yang mengasup suplemen meningkat lebih dari 22 persen antara 1986 dan 2004.

Hasilnya, penggunaan multivitamin seperti vitamin B6, asam folat, zat besi, magnesium, seng dan tembaga, berkaitan dengan peningkatan risiko kematian pada populasi. Dan, konsumsi mineral zat besi dan tembaga adalah penyebab terburuk.

“Para wanita dalam penelitian termasuk di luar normal (anomali) karena mereka makan buah dan sayuran dua kali lebih banyak dari rata-rata nasional,” jelas Michael Roizen, MD dari YouDoc.

“Multivitamin membantu diet yang tidak memadai, namun tingkat kematian tinggi dalam populasi tidak dapat diuji secara akurat terhadap mereka yang berdiet dua kali rata-rata nasional. “

Penelitian ini, menurut ahli adalah ‘studi antara’ yang masih membutuhkan beberapa penelitian kunci. Kemungkinannya, wanita dengan mortalitas yang lebih tinggi meningkatkan asupan multivitamin karena mereka merasa sakit dan mencoba membalikkan penyakitnya.

Roizen juga menjelaskan, studi tidak menyertakan suplemen yang meningkatkan harapan hidup seperti suplemen minyak ikan (DHA).

“Mereka tidak mempelajari asupan suplemen DHA atau minyak ikan, yang telah terbukti dapat melindungi dari degenerasi. Ini telah terbukti berguna dalam uji acak sebagai suplemen untuk wanita di atas 50. Dengan kata lain, bisa saja suplemen tidak menyebabkan tingginya kematian,”

ujar Roizen seperti dikutip dari Shine.

Suplemen zat besi dan tembaga, menurut studi, menyebabkan risiko kematian lebih besar dari 5 persen, namun dinilai masih lebih kecil.

“Suplemen zat besi menimbulkan risiko dan disarankan hanya untuk usia 50 tahun ke atas dan hanya diresepkan dokter. Hindari suplemen zat besi dan tembaga kecuali diperintahkan dokter,”

ujarnya.

Dia menyarankan, agar mengasup makanan alami untuk memperoleh manfaat dari berbagai nutrisi daripada menggunakan multivitamin.